We provide specialized legal and tax services to contractors serving the petroleum, gas, petrochemical and power generation industries. We have worked for the international contractors of some of the largest engineering, procurement and construction projects undertaken in Venezuela, including turnkey contracts for the Ammonia and Urea Fertilizer Plants and the Sulfuric Acid Plant at the Moron Petrochemical Complex, Carabobo; the Power Generation Plants in the Oriental Coast of Zulia for Enelven and PDVSA Petroleo; the Liquefied Natural Gas Fractioning Plants (Accro I and Accro II projects) and the Heavy and Extra-Heavy Oil Upgrading plants (Sincor, Petrozuata and Hamaca, and part of the Cerro Negro Project) at the Jose Industrial Complex, Anzoategui; the Termozulia Power Plants at the Rafael Urdaneta General Thermoelectric Complex in La Canada, Zulia; the Polypropylene Plant (Propilven), Ethylene plant (Olefinas I and II) and Linear Resins plant (Resilin) at El Tablazo Petrochemical Complex, Zulia; the Catalytic Charge Increase project (PICC) at El Palito Refinery, Carabobo; the expansion of the Metanol Oriente plant (METOR); and the contracts for the construction, erection and commissioning of gas compression plants in Lake Maracaibo, Zulia, and at the Paraguana Refining Complex (CRP), in Paraguana, Falcon, and numerous other contracts for plants, pipelines, oil drilling facilities, self-generation power plants and other ancillary installations.

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We provide comprehensive legal and tax assistance for those projects, and we guide clients through the complex issues arising from bizarre exchange controls in Venezuela. We usually analyze with our clients the terms and conditions of the bidding documents, advise them on the interpretation and application of Venezuelan rules that govern both private and public sector contracts and contracting procedures, and the local, national and international tax implications of the proposed contracts. We assist them in the preparation of their offers, in obtaining the required guarantees, in the negotiations of the proposed contract with the project owner, in their agreements with subcontractors and suppliers, in setting up their permanent establishments or branches, and in the definition of internal procedures to assure the compliance of their administrative and tax obligations during the execution of the projects.

Once the execution of the project begins, we continue to provide legal and tax services including advice relating to their transactions with subcontractors and suppliers, change orders, inspections made by authorities, adverse effects due to changes of law, labor stoppages, force majeure events and other circumstances that can disrupt the economic balance of the contracts. We frequently work with the finest labor law specialists in Venezuela.

We recurrently advise international companies in other categories of projects and services including equipment supply, project management, supervision of erection and commissioning, operation and maintenance, and preventive maintenance with the planned stop and start up of industrial plants.

We have also advised clients in connection with a wide range of international agreements, such as license agreements, technical assistance contracts, and contracts with suppliers and subcontractors.

In some cases, we have provided services to the law firms that conduct arbitration proceedings or judicial claims relating to international contracts, including claims deriving from change orders, force majeure and other disruptive circumstances, and we have rendered testimony on Venezuelan law issues before U.S. courts and international arbitration tribunals.

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